Benninghoff Run, Pennsylvania: ca. 1865.
Vintage albumen print, rounded at top corners, mounted on card, captioned in pen beneath image. Image: 10 x 13 3/8 in. Benninghoff Run Oil Derricks. Image lightly faded, some surface abrasion, mount soiled Item #250221
Vintage albumen print showing the oil derricks and pump house of Benninghoff Run, an important early oil field in Pennsylvania’s Oil Creek Valley. The site’s Ocean Well, dug in 1865, was the first to prove that oil could be extracted from hilly terrain. Benninghoff Run was the scene of violence when teamsters, angered over loss of work, attempted to destroy the pipeline that comission dealer Henry Harvey built from Benninghoff Run to tanks at the Shaffer railroad, two miles away. The right-of-way of the Benninghoff-Shaffer pipeline can be seen in this image as a white streak extending vertically from the fields to the hill in the distance (cf. www.petroleumhistory.org).
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