San Carlos, Arizona: [circa 1904].
About the item
50 photographs, including silver gelatin prints and copy prints, 3 with contemporary manuscript ink captions on the mounts, images sizes mostly 5x7 inches. Images tipped along the top edge into the album and held in place by later clear mounting corners along the bottom. Oblong 4to. Contemporary pebbled leather, minor wear. A couple images with tears at corners. Provenance: Ernest Frederick Kellner.
Born in November 1863 in Clark County, IL, John Edward Jones, settled in Labette County, Kansas with his family in 1873. By 1899 he was teaching at the Colorado River Reservation in Arizona. He married Marie Frances Wilda in 1904 and settled in Oklahoma, passing away in 1922.
Beyond teaching at the Colorado River Reservation school, Jones's connection to Native Americans is unknown. In 1904, Jones visited the Cheyenne River Agency in South Dakota, the Assiniboine and Gros Ventre Indians at the Fort Belknap Agency in Montana, and the Western Apache Indians at the San Carlos Agency in Arizona. He documented his trip in an album of photographs now held at the National Cowboy & Western Heritage Museum. Sometime shortly thereafter, Jones created at least two additional albums of his images of the San Carlos Agency: an album for anthropologist Pliny Earle Goddard, now located at the Phoebe A. Hearst Museum of Anthropology at the University of California, Berkeley; and the present album. Prior ownership has indicated that the album came from the collection of Ernest Frederick Kellner, a noted Arizona rancher, businessmen and banker who died in Venice California in 1914 (though there is no ownership evidence within the album itself).
The photographs include both landscape and buildings but mostly comprise portraits of Apache men, women and children posed in both traditional and anglo-style clothing near wickiups or adobe structures. Included are portraits of young women with facial painting; two women posed with playing cards; a group of women and men in uniform gambling on a blanket on the ground with Model 1890 Remington Single-Action Army revolvers visible; a family group that shows the husband, in uniform, playing a one-bow Apache fiddle while the wife weaves a basket; portraits of young Apache couples, one showing a husband wearing his police uniform and posed with his rifle; multiple views of families at their wickiups, one of which appears to include a Caucasian subject; a Caucasian prospector surrounded by mostly Apache subjects with burros and shovels; and a prospector's outfit at San Carlos. The album also contains at least 6 photographs of what appear to be Apache police officers, many shown wearing badges and holding Model 1844 Springfield "trapdoor" carbines. Two capture large groups of men, mostly police officers, posed in front of the jail.
Additional highlights include: An image bearing the caption, "Al Sieber & Indian Scouts," which shows at least twenty Apache scouts perched on the side of a rocky mountain, aiming their Springfield rifles and carbines at an unknown target. Albert Sieber (1843-1907), shown at center, served as a Chief of Scouts during the Apache Wars. He participated in Crook’s Apache campaign and was involved in trying to locate Geronimo. This image is almost certainly a period copy after the original example taken by J.C. Burge, Kingston, NM; 2 photographs of an unidentified Apache man holding a quiver in one hand and bows and arrow in the other; 2 period copy images documenting Apache ceremonies. Also laid into the album is a photograph of Apache Medicine Man "Clan Na Hoot Te." by Globe, Arizona photographer G.H. Thwaites.