Autograph note signed, as commanding officer of the 4th N.J. Infantry, a military pass issued to "Miss C. H. Barton and friends" to visit Camp Monmouth, Meridian Hill, Washington, D.C. Clara Barton, Col. Matthew Miller.

Autograph note signed, as commanding officer of the 4th N.J. Infantry, a military pass issued to "Miss C. H. Barton and friends" to visit Camp Monmouth, Meridian Hill, Washington, D.C.

Camp Monmouth, Washington D.C: May 18, 1861.

1p. with integral blank. With an additional autograph note signed by Miller to Barton below the pass, "Your favor of the 15th was duly received. Accept Capt. Devine and my thanks.". 8 x 5 inches. Usual folds Item #320738

When the Civil War began, Clara Barton was working as a copyist in the Patent Office. Union troops passing through Baltimore on the way to Washington were attacked by a mob of pro-Confederate sympathizers. Visiting the wounded being treated at the Washington Infirmary, Barton quit her job and made it her mission to bring supplies to soldiers in need.

Among her first acts was soliciting and gathering food, medicine, bandages, clothing, and other supplies to distribute to the soldiers arriving in the city. The present Civil War pass was issued to Barton at the very start of her heroic career. Throughtout the Civil War, Barton risked her life travelling with three Army supply wagons into the field to nurse, comfort and care for wounded soldiers, earning the nickname the “Angel of the Battlefield.”

In response to Lincoln's call troops following the Battle of Fort Sumter, the 4th N.J. Infantry organized at the end of April 1861 and was attached to the New Jersey Brigade sent for the defense of Washington, arriving there on May 6 and initially stationed at Camp Monmouth on Meridian Hill for drilling exercises. On the 23rd of May the Fourth Regiment crossed the Potomac into Virginia, and constructed and mounted with heavy guns a strong defensive work they named Fort Runyon. Held in reserve at the First Battle of Bull Run, the unit commanded by Coloniel Miller mustered out shortly thereafter.

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