Philadelphia: Printed for the Subscribers, by Robert Bell, 1773.
Second American edition. , iv, -119, , xii, 155, [1ads]pp. 8vo. JOSHUA BABCOCK'S COPY. Modern red buckram, spine gilt with title and shelf numbers, closed tear repaired and ex-lib stamp to title page, text lightly foxed throughout, one gathering poorly opened, contemporary annotations in one or more hands, signed by Babcock in two places. Cohen, 3551 & 5370; Evans, 13154 (incorrectly dating it 1774); Eller, William Blackstone Collection in the Yale Law Library, 257; Sabin, 5697. Item #301013
This work originally appeared the previous year as the fifth volume to the Blackstone's Commentaries. The first American edition appeared in 1773 though under a different title.
Blackstone's work attempts to codify personal rights and establish a definitive legal relationship between the citizen and government. It is widely regarded the standard pre-Revolutionary work on the subject at a time when such issues were of obvious interest. Moreover, it includes the exchanges between Blackstone and Joseph Priestly and Philip Furneaux. The latter two were eager to engage Blackstone on the topics of religious liberty, tolerance and nonconformists.
In a wide-ranging, though uniformly eminent, career Joshua Babcock (1707-1783) was variously a physician, a Supreme Court Justice in Rhode Island and a major-general in the state militia during the Revolutionary war. He sat on the War Council and hosted George Washington in 1776. Furthermore, Babcock was a friend of Benjamin Franklin, and a signatory of Rhode Island's Declaration of Independence which preceded the national declaration by two months.
A title such as this was an obvious inclusion to a Supreme Court Justice's library and there are ms. annotations (in Furneaux's reply) that attest to him having consulted the work frequently. This copy later was part of the New York Bar Association's collection.
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