Venice: Appresso Marco Ginammi, 1636.
First edition in Italian. Printer's device on title; text in Spanish with parallel translation in Italian, double-columned. 118,  pp. 1 vols. Small 4to. An Anti-Slavery Milestone. Later vellum, slightly stained, covers warped. Text extensively browned, a few leaves somewhat brittle, several minor repairs, mostly marginal, leaf C7 with loss of a few letters. Sabin 11246. Palau 46956; Medina 1085; Anm. Streit I, 464; Alden 636/14; Church 93 (1st ed.). Item #234783
Bartoloméo de Las Casas, the great Spanish priest and advocate of the Indians, had witnessed the atrocities committed by the Spaniards in the New World, and upon his return to Spain he initiated a series of attacks on Spanish colonial policy in the form of nine tracts addressed to the Pope. This is the first edition in Italian of las Casas's sixth tract, which "contains judicial authorities and reasons why the natives should be restored to freedom" (Church) from their enslavement by the Spanish
The translation and dissemination of Las Casas' arguments greatly influenced later anti-slavery writers, and must be seen as a milestone in development of the notion of universal human rights across the boundaries of religions and nations.
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